Syllabus & Objectives
3.3.U1 One of diploid nucleus divides by meiosis to produce four haploid nuclei.
3.3.U2 The halving of the chromosomes number allows a sexual life cycle with fusion of gametes.
3.3.U3 DNA is replicated before meiosis so that all chromosomes consist of two sister chromatids.
3.3.U4 The early stages of meiosis involves pairing of homologous chromosomes and crossing over followed by condensation.
3.3.U5 Orientation of pairs of homologous chromosomes prior to separation is random.
3.3.U6 Separation of pairs of homologous chromosomes in the first division of meiosis halves the chromosome number.
3.3.U7 Crossing over and random orientation promotes genetic variation.
3.3.U8 Fusion of gametes from different parents promotes genetic variation.
3.3.A1 Non-disjunction can cause Down syndrome and other chromosome abnormalities. Studies showing age of parents influences chances of non-disjunction.
3.3.A2 Description of methods used to obtain cells for karyotype analysis e.g. chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis and the associated risks.
3.3.S1 Drawing diagrams to show the stages of meiosis resulting in the formation of four haploid cells.
3.3.NOS Making careful observations- meiosis was discovered by microscope examination of dividing germ-line cells.
In the News
Chromosomes (unit 15)