2.8.U1 Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds to produce ATP.
2.8.U2 ATP from cell respiration is immediately available as a source of energy in the cell.
2.8.U3 Anaerobic cell respiration gives a small yield of ATP from glucose.
2.8.U4 Aerobic cell respiration requires oxygen and gives a large yield of ATP from glucose.
2.8.A1 Use of anaerobic cell respiration in yeasts to produce ethanol and carbon dioxide in baking.
2.8.A2 Lactate production in humans when anaerobic respiration is used to maximize the power of muscle contractions.
2.8.S1 Analysis of results from experiments involving measurement of respiration rates in germinating seeds or invertebrates using a respirometer.
2.8.NOS Assessing the ethics of scientific research- the use of invertebrates in respirometers experiments.