2.8.U1 Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds to produce ATP.
- Define “cell respiration.”
- State the reaction for cellular respiration.
- State the types of organic compounds used in cellular respiration by animals and plants.
2.8.U2 ATP from cell respiration is immediately available as a source of energy in the cell.
- State three example uses of cellular energy.
- Outline energy transfer in the formation and use of ATP.
- State three reasons why cellular respiration must be continuously performed by all cells.
2.8.U3 Anaerobic cell respiration gives a small yield of ATP from glucose.
- Define “anaerobic respiration”
- List three situations in which anaerobic respiration is useful.
- Compare anaerobic respiration in yeasts and humans.
2.8.U4 Aerobic cell respiration requires oxygen and gives a large yield of ATP from glucose.
- Compare the total amount of ATP made from anaerobic and aerobic respiration.
- State the location of aerobic respiration.
2.8.A1 Use of anaerobic cell respiration in yeasts to produce ethanol and carbon dioxide in baking.
- Outline how anaerobic respiration in yeast is used in baking.
- Outline how anaerobic respiration in yeast is used in ethanol production.
2.8.A2 Lactate production in humans when anaerobic respiration is used to maximize the power of muscle contractions.
- State the condition in which humans would perform anaerobic respiration.
- Outline production of lactate in humans during anaerobic respiration.
2.8.S1 Analysis of results from experiments involving measurement of respiration rates in germinating seeds or invertebrates using a respirometer.
- Outline the use of a respirometer to measure cellular respiration rate.
2.8.NOS Assessing the ethics of scientific research- the use of invertebrates in respirometers experiments.
- List ethical questions that must be considered before using animals in experiments.