3.4.U1 Mendel discovered the principles of inheritance with experiments in which large numbers of pea plants were crossed.
3.4.U2 Gametes are haploid so contain only one allele of each gene.
3.4.U3 The alleles of each gene separate into different haploid daughter nuclei during meiosis.
3.4.U4 Fusion of gametes results in diploid zygotes with two alleles of each gene that may be the same allele or different alleles.
3.4.U5 Dominant alleles mask the effect of recessive alleles but co-dominant alleles have joint effects.
3.4.U6 Many genetic diseases in human are due to recessive alleles of autosomal genes.
3.4.U7 Some genetic diseases are sex-linked and some are due to dominant or co-dominant alleles.
3.4.U8 The pattern of inheritance is different with sex-linked genes due to to their location on sex chromosomes.
3.4.U9 Many genetic diseases have been identified in humans but most are very rare.
3.4.U10 Radiation and mutagenic chemicals increase the mutation rate and can cause genetic diseases and cancer.
3.4.A1 Inheritance of ABO blood groups.
3.4.A2 Red-green color blindness and hemophilia as examples of sex-linked inheritance.
3.4.A3 Inheritance of cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s disease.
3.4.A4 Consequences of radiation after nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and accident at Chernobyl.
3.4.S1 Construction of Punnett grids for predicting the outcomes of monohybrid genetic crosses.
3.4.S2 Comparison of predicted and actual outcomes of genetic crosses using real data.
3.4.S3 Analysis of pedigree charts to deduce the pattern of inheritance of genetic diseases.
3.4.NOS Making quantitative measurements with replicates to ensure reliability, Mendel’s genetic crosses with peas plants generated numerical data.
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