Topic 4.4: Climate Change
Essential Idea: Concentrations of gases in the atmosphere affect climates experienced at the Earth’s surface.
At SHS, Topic 4.4 is taught in the following class unit(s):
Statements & Objectives:
4.4.U1 Carbon dioxide and water vapor are the most significant greenhouse gases.
4.4.U2 Other gases including methane and nitrogen oxides have less impact.
4.4.U3 The impact of a gas depends on its ability to absorb long wave radiation as well as on its concentration in the atmosphere.
4.4.U4 The warmed Earth emits longer wavelength radiation (heat).
4.4.U5 Longer wave radiation is absorbed by greenhouse gases that retain the heat in the atmosphere.
4.4.U6 Global temperatures and climate patterns are influenced by concentrations of greenhouse gases.
4.4.U7 There is a correlation between rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide since the start of the industrial revolution 200 years ago and average global temperatures.
4.4.U8 Recent increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide are largely due to increases in the combustion of fossilized organic matter.
4.4.A1 Correlations between global temperatures and carbon dioxide concentrations on Earth.
4.4.A2 Evaluating claims that human activities are not causing climate change.
4.4.A3 Threats to coral reefs from increasing concentrations of dissolved carbon dioxide.
4.4.NOS Assessing claims- Evaluating claims that human activities are not causing climate change
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