Topic 5.2: Natural Selection
Essential Idea: The diversity of life has evolved and continues to evolve by natural selection.
At SHS, Topic 5.2 is taught in the following class unit(s):
Statements & Objectives:
5.2.U1 Natural selection can only occur if there is variation among members of the same species.
5.2.U2 Mutation, meiosis and sexual reproduction cause variation between individuals in a species.
5.2.U3 Adaptations are characteristics that make an individual suited to its environment and way of life.
5.2.U4 Species tend to produce more offspring than the environment can support.
5.2.U5 Individuals that are better adapted tend to survive and produce more offspring while the less well adapted tend to die or produce fewer offspring.
5.2.U6 Individuals that reproduce pass on characteristics to their offspring.
5.2.U7 Natural selection increases the frequency of characteristics that make individuals better adapted and decreases the frequency of other characteristics leading to changes within the species.
5.2.A1 Changes in beaks of finches on Daphne Major.
5.2.A2 Evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.
5.2.NOS Use theories to explain natural phenomena- the theory of evolution by natural selection can explain the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.
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